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Micro Enterprise Development Services

Project Identification and Formulation:

Since Development Organizations are Capital starved and deficient in other vital resources, wastages to be minimized and optimal results achieved. This necessitates the need for meticulous planning and careful preparation of development projects. Organizations are faced with the dilemma of choosing between multiple projects of seemingly of equal economic value. Choice can be facilitated through systematic, realistic and formal project studies to clearly establish priorities. This can be ensured, through the mechanism of project evaluation. Project studies should take stock of the existing institutional arrangements and pin point shortcomings if any and how these can be improved. 

Project Planning:

Project Planning is a scientific and systematic process, in which Logical linkages are clearly established, among various element of projects. Successful implementation of the project lies on effective project plan, based on the anticipated goals and objectives the project planning. The project plan is the blue print of the project. Effective planning gives proper direction in the implementation of the project and it further helps in adequate monitoring and evaluation. For the implementation of plan, an activity chart to be prepared. The activity chart consists of all the proposed activities in the implementation process, including the start date, calendar for the entire project, dates of monitoring and evaluation periods, finishing stages, series of out puts, slack time, and responsible person to coordinate the activities etc.

Project Appraisal:

Project appraisal is an exercise, the institution undertakes an objective assessment of various aspects of investment decision to take a second look critically and carefully, independent, dispassionate and objective view of the project in its totality of its various components. Appraisal exercises are basically aimed at determining the viability of a project and sometimes, also in reshaping the project so as to upgrade its viability based on technical, financial, commercial, economic, ecological, social and managerial aspects. Since all activities involve risk in a smaller or larger measure, project appraisal aims at ensuring quality of projects and their long term risk mitigation by rectifying their weaknesses and improving their quality by incorporating into them features/ safeguards missed either because of lack of knowledge or information.

Techno Economic feasibility studies:

Since the financial analysis looks at the project only from a limited viewpoint of the economic impact, an econo-social analysis of the project from the viewpoint of the whole economy. The rate of return is a necessary confirming test of projects that have to be justified as to basic project objectives and the nature of project benefits. The technical feasibility study shall consider the adequacy and suitability of the infrastructure to execute the project. The feasibility study shall consider the technology required for a particular project, evaluate technological alternatives and select the most appropriate technology in terms of project components.

Preparation of detailed Project Reports:

Project Report is organization plan to carry out an activity of public benefit which will bring transformation in the Society. It is pertinent to project its importance in an impressive/convincing manner to accept the idea for funding. Project Report shall generally contain an Executive Summary / Overview of entire project and a brief but clear description as to Promoters and their background, about their professional qualifications, experience, etc. A brief description of the Organization and its activity, Manpower details such as Directors, Mangers their professional background and expertise etc., Partnerships proposed if any in implementation of the project and a detailed business plan.

Surveys – Baseline, Benchmark, Socio Economic, and Customer Satisfaction:  

Baseline:
An development organization is sensitive to social and environmental aspects with a strong commitment Social Responsibility. It is essential to make assessments of the impacts of the projects on environment and society. For an effective assessment, issues related to social, economic and cultural aspects of the lives of local inhabitants are important to understand the social relationship and their dependence on the local resources that may be impacted, positively or negatively, due to the project construction and operation. Hence, a detailed baseline survey is essential.

Benchmark:
Compare the organization performance with relevant peers gives a clear idea as to effective implementation of projects. After deciding the functional area to benchmark, survey to be completed by comparing the organization with relevant peer groups and other organizations and also to understand best practices that may help improve performance.

Socio-economic:
In order to assess the long-term impact of the project on the livelihood and life style of the community, as well as to enable better implementation of the project, it is necessary to have a preliminary database of the project area. Structured questionnaire and focused group discussions and informal interviews are the key tools. In addition, participatory appraisal is also to be done to understand the history, evolution and dynamics of the community. Involvement of professional social work practitioners makes the research more meaningful and not just of an academic in nature.

Customer satisfaction:
Customer Satisfaction survey is essential to understand the effectiveness of program implementation in order to replicate the program else where. To find out the satisfaction level of customers it is important to know what questions to ask, how, when, and how often.

Market Research & Evaluation Studies:

Social marketing is a cost-effective method for low-income people worldwide. To implement effective social marketing programs, research and evaluation activities must be designed to improve information systems and indicators of program success. Needed information includes profiles of the baseline population, identification of the appropriate target population for interventions, measures of distribution systems, and indicators of program effectiveness. This will give an overview of the current research and evaluation activities of the social marketing program. The results will emphasize improved methodologies for evaluation of social marketing interventions.

Impact Assessment Studies:

Social Development Organizations play a critical role in Socio-economic development of the community. The need to understand and to accommodate the interests, perceptions and needs of target populations and other key stakeholders is paramount in the design of projects and programs aimed at social and economic development. The involvement of local stakeholders in fact-finding and decision-making processes has been central to improving the responsiveness and making the best use of limited resources. These interests range from social equity, economic development and competitiveness, institutional effects, and environmental costs. It is important to also consider the flow of social capital in the form of job opportunities facilitated through the developmental program. Also, there may be a category of people who are not the target group - who may experience an indirect impact of the project. This indirect impact of the project which is not included in the standard cost benefit analysis needs to be understood. The cost-benefit analysis needs to be based on socio-economic impact assessment methodology to get a measure of expected benefits and costs to different groups.